A complete eye exam is a physical eye exam focused on preventive eye care. The eye doctor looks into various aspects of the visual system, including prescriptions. This helps him to detect any eye disorders such as glaucoma, cataracts, retinal detachments, as well as other systemic health problems like diabetes and high blood pressure.

The eye exam focuses mainly on the following:

    • Case history of past and present vision and medical issues, as well as a detailed family history
    • Analysis of the patient’s visual needs at home, work or school to accurately determine his/her visual demand
    • Visual acuity testing of each eye, individually and together
    • Diagnosis of the prescription
    • Assessment of eye coordination, eye movements, eye-hand coordination etc.
    • Colour vision evaluation
    • Screening for glaucoma
    • Dilated eye exam when needed
    • Neurological assessment of eyes
    • Recommendations for future proper eye care

Most of the pediatric eye issues can be corrected during early years. It is highly recommended that infants have their first eye exam between six and nine months of age. Children should have at least one eye exam between the ages of two and five, and yearly after starting school. The eye doctor can use shapes, pictures and other child-friendly ways to evaluate vision and general eye health.

Following are some of the symptoms that may indicate your child has a visual problem:

    • red, itchy or watering eyes
    • sensitivity to light
    • an eye that consistently turns in or out
    • squinting, rubbing the eyes, or excessive blinking
    • a lack of concentration
    • covering or closing one eye
    • irritability or short attention span
    • holding objects too close
    • avoiding books and television
    • visible frustration or grimacing

Most of the pediatric eye issues can be corrected during early years. It is highly recommended that infants have their first eye exam between six and nine months of age. Children should have at least one eye exam between the ages of two and five, and yearly after starting school. The eye doctor can use shapes, pictures and other child-friendly ways to evaluate vision and general eye health.

Following are some of the symptoms that may indicate your child has a visual problem:

    • red, itchy or watering eyes
    • sensitivity to light
    • an eye that consistently turns in or out
    • squinting, rubbing the eyes, or excessive blinking
    • a lack of concentration
    • covering or closing one eye
    • irritability or short attention span
    • holding objects too close
    • avoiding books and television
    • visible frustration or grimacing

As a driver’s licence applicant, your eyes are tested for visual acuity (VA) and horizontal visual field (peripheral vision) to ensure you can safely travel on Ontario’s roads. If you require glasses or corrective lenses for driving, we can help you.

We use digital imaging to assess your eyes and these retinal images are electronically saved in our systems for future reference. This helps your eye doctor to detect any changes to your retinal structure and optic nerve each time your eyes are examined. Many eye conditions, such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration are diagnosed by detecting these retinal changes over time.

Retinal Imaging provides detailed images of your retina and sub-surface of your eyes in high resolutions and uses eye-safe near-infra-red light

Commonly referred to as an OCT scan, it is the latest imaging technology giving higher resolution pictures of the structural layers of the back of the eye, assisting the doctor in the early diagnosis of glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinal disease.

OCT scan is a painless test, performed in about 10 minutes at our office. Feel free to contact our office to inquire about an OCT at your next appointment.

Visual field examination helps the doctor detect conditions that occur in the eye and those that occur in the brain. The doctor may use information from the visual field tests to diagnose:

    • glaucoma
    • macular degeneration
    • optic glioma
    • brain tumor
    • multiple sclerosis
    • stroke
    • temporal arteritis
    • central nervous system disorders
    • pituitary gland disorders
    • high blood pressure

A comprehensive eye exam by an optometrist can lead to early detection of diabetes, reduce the risk of vision loss, and minimize the risk of other life threatening complications such as heart disease and kidney failure. Diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems, but eventually it can cause changes in vision. Diabetic patients are eligible for an OHIP insured major eye examination once every year.

If you experience any of the following minor eye emergencies, please call us and we will do everything possible to help you.

    • Red eyes, pink eye, itching or other severe eye pain or discomfort due to any eye infections.
    • Eye allergies, dry eye, contact lens issues and irritated eyes.
    • Foreign body removal, scratches or other minor eye injuries.
    • Floaters, flashes or sudden loss in vision in one or both eyes